Premarital Sexual Practice and Associated Factors among Female Students in Debre Markos University, Northwest Ethiopia


  • Liknaw Bewket Zeleke College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
  • Gedif Ashebir Wubetie College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Arba Minch University, Arba Mich, Ethiopia
  • Yohannes Teka Mazeingia College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
  • Eskeziaw Abebe Kassahun College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia


Premarital Sex, Debre Markos University, Ethiopia


Background: Young people in Sub-Saharan Africa frequently were engaged in pre-marital sex with consequences such as unplanned pregnancy, Sexually Transmitted Infections such as human immune virus/acquired immune deficiency virus more commonly faced. University life for many students is characterized by more independence and opportunities for social mixing than before. The situation is aggravated by the overall poor socioeconomic, environment, harmful traditional practice, low contraceptive use, and voluntary counseling and testing utilization. Objective: To assess the prevalence, associated factors, and consequences of premarital sex among regular undergraduate female students at Debre Markos University. Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional study design with a multistage sampling technique was applied to select study participants and the data was collected using pretested, and self-administered questionnaires. EPI data 4.2 was used for data entry and the analysis was made using SPSS version 23. Frequency distribution, charts, figures, and tables were used to present the descriptive statistics and associated factors were identified by multivariable logistic regression. Result: This study revealed that 30.4% of the study participants experienced premarital sex. The mean age at first sexual intercourse was 20.9 ±0.15 years. Variables such as monthly income, participation in health-related clubs, year of study, substance use, alcohol drinking, and communication with peers about sexual health were significantly associated. Conclusion: The study reflected that there is a high prevalence of pre-marital sexual practices which is associated with monthly income, participation in health-related clubs, year of study, substance use, alcohol drinking, and communication with peers.


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