How is Pregnancy Physical Activity and Related Factors Among Pregnant Women?


  • Elham Sadeghi Midwifery Department, Health Sciences Faculty, Istinye University, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Mustafa Kilavuz Midwifery Department, Health Sciences Faculty, Istinye University, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Refika Genc Koyucu Midwifery Department, Health Sciences Faculty, Istinye University, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Bulent Ediz Biostatics and medicine information Department, Medicine Faculty, Istinye University, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Ayfer Eser Midwifery Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kütahya Health Sciences University, Kutahya, Turkey


Pregnancy, Physical Activity, PPAQ, Turkey, Pregnant Women


Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the modality, frequency, duration, and intensity of physical activity, as well as other characteristics associated to physical activity during pregnancy.

Methods: A descriptiveanalytic cross-sectional design was used. A total of 384 women from Turkey/ Istanbul who routinely frequented hospitals for prenatal care were chosen using convenience sampling. The demographic questionnaire and the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ-II) 2nd edition were used to collect data. The descriptive statistics, t test, ANOVA, Kruskal Wallis, and Post Hoc test were used to examine the data. P values 0.05 were considered significant.

Results: The mean age of pregnant women was 27.92 ± 4.55 years. 243 (63.2%) of the participants were primigravidas. The mean age of gestational was 20.86 ± 10.78 weeks. The mean score of PPAQ (MET-hours/week) was 283.19 ± 167.85. Moderate activity had highest score (134.45±65.77), while vigorous activity had lowest score (7.07±22.83). The results showed, there was statistically significant differences between the score of PPAQ and number of child (p= 0.00). In fact there were significant mean differences among the each category of questionnaire; activity intensity and type (p= 0.00).

Conclusions: The results of this study can be used in prenatal care routines, midwifery care education, and maternal health policies. 


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2021-12-30 — Updated on 2022-08-07