GUIDELINES

GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORS

Authors intending to submit their manuscript to Green Publishers’ journals should follow the below instructions for a swift and efficient submission, rapid peer review and final timely publication of their manuscript.

Manuscript format:

Articles in MS Word (.doc or. docx / Latex) file format are acceptable. There is no fixed number of pages of article; an average length of 10-15 pages is considered sufficient. While preparing developing the finally submitting copy of your, be specifically attentive to the sections of research methods, results, and conclusion.

References, figures, tables, structures, etc., should be noted in the text where they have been discussed. Figures and tables should be submitted in separate files along with figure legends/captions.

Language

English is the only acceptable language for writing of all the submissions to Green Publishers. Therefore, authors with English being their second language are advised to be very carefull while proof reading their manuscript to assure its effectiveness and proper conveying of research outcomes. Manuscripts containing language inconsistencies will not be published; we also provide English editing services for non-natives, if requested by the authors. Before submitting the revised version of the article professional assistance for correcting grammatical, scientific and typographical errors must be sought by authors, if required so.
Manuscript Preparation

All submitted research articles should bear the following sections in the given order:
Title
Co-Authors’ names and affiliations
Corresponding author’s complete name , institutional affiliation/address along with phone, fax and email address
Abstract
Keywords
Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusion
List of Abbreviations (if any)
Funding(if any)
Conflict of Interest
Acknowledgments
References
Appendices(if any)
Figures/Illustrations (if any)
Tables (if any)
Supportive/Supplementary Material (if any)

Title

A concise and specific title, not exceeding 12-15 words, should be the opening sentence of all submissions.

Abstract

An article’s abstract is its clear, concise, and precise summary. The abstract must state the purpose of the study, short details of the methods and its final conclusion.

Keywords

The author must provide 6 to 8 keywords that have been used in the manuscript or its title. Keep your keywords relevant to your field so that your article emerges in different databases when the researchers attempt these key words.

Text of the Manuscript

For Research Articles, the main text should begin on a separate page and may be subdivided in various sections according to the fields to be discussed, accompanied by the Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgements, and Reference sections. For Review Articles, the manuscript should be prepared into title page, abstract, and the main text partitioned further according to the fields of science and sociology, and accompanied by the Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgements and Reference sections. The Review Article should discuss any previous notable current and older reviews of the field and contain a broad discussion starting with the general background of the field. It should then progress to discuss the remarkable recent developments. The authors should bypass presenting material that has already been declared in a former review. The authors are advised to show and discuss their observations in conclusion section. The number of references should be reasonably justifiable to the length of the manuscript.

Introduction

The Introduction section should comprehensively, yet sufficiently, include the background and aims of the presented research/review work.

Material and Methods

This section provides information on any previous efforts, with corresponding references, and a detailed description of methodology used in the article. If further modifications of the methods previously used by researchers have been carried out, these should be explicitly mentioned. Authors should give sufficient information about the data source to enable the readers analyze and verify the results reported in the study.

The Method Section is supposed to contain all the information and the procedure adopted for the study and the production of results. If any financial support was sought for the gathering of materials or the procedural purposes, it should be mentioned in this section.

Reiteration of information in the text of an article is not recommendable. A calculation section may be included to demonstrate experimental data, facts, and practical development from a theoretical view.

Human and Animal Rights Ethical Statement

If the research article involves human participants, the approval granting from the concerned institutional review board or equivalent ethics committee(s) should always be mentioned by the author in the manuscript along with the name of the board.

All applicable national and international guidelines must be followed to conduct research on animals and submit the article related to such studies. In case of involvement of non-human primates in the study, such authors are specially advised to include details of animal welfare and steps taken to ameliorate its’ suffering following the recommendations of the Weatherall report on “The use of non-human primates in research,”.

Informed Consent

All clinical investigations are expected to be conducted according to the principles specifically described in the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975, as revised in 2000.

In case of a research study on humans, obtaining an informed consent from the participants is obligatory; or the reason for its lack should be clearly explained (e.g. the data were analyzed retrospectively). All clinical investigations are expected to be conducted according to the principles specifically described in the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975, as revised in 2000. Where obtaining informed consent was a part of the study, it should be clearly mentioned in the manuscript.

Results

The essential and main findings of the study should be first in line in the Results Section. The tables, figures, and references should be sequentially described to highlight the vital information or observations of the research. Results should be precise but sufficient with no repetition of data in tables and figures.

Discussion

The author should explore the significance of the results of their work in perspective of earlier studies and publications. However, extensive citations and discussion of already published literature should be avoided.

To present the Results and discussions separately or in combination is at Author’s discretion with short and informational headings.

Conclusion

A small paragraph summarizing the article’s contents, presenting the research outcome, or suggesting further study on the subject should be included at the end of the article under the Conclusion section.

Funding

In case of studies funded by some institution/ funder, the funding sources of the manuscript should be clearly provided by the authors with the name of such an agency or financial supporter along with allotted grant/award number in round brackets; for instance,

“This work was financially supported by [name of the funding agency] (Grant number XXX).

Similarly, if a paper does not have any particular funding source but is a part of the professional working of the authors, then the name of the employer should be mentioned in the manuscript. Authors are needed to state that whether the funder was involved in writing, editing, approval, or decision to publish the article.

Measuring Units

SI units should be used throughout the document if any measurement is to be included. In case the non-standard units are required to be included then the conversion formulae should be mentioned with the non-standard units in parenthesis.

Greek Symbols and Special Characters

Final formatting of a manuscript often changes the Greek symbols and special characters or these may be lost while preparing a manuscript for publication. If few, these symbols can be defined in the text. If extensively used, these should be listed in the appendix.

List of Abbreviations (if any)

If abbreviations are used in the text, they should either be specified in the text when used firstly or a list of abbreviations should be provided.
Appendixes
If there is a need to present lengthy but essential methodological details, appendices describing these may be a part of the article. An individual appendix should be titled APPENDIX, while more than one can be titled APPENDIX A, APPENDIX B, and so on.

Endnotes

As footnotes are prone to disrupt the flow of the text, endnotes are encouraged to be used instead of footnotes. However if necessary, footnotes can be used with proper numbering; footnotes to tables should be marked with lowercase letters.

Supportive/Supplementary Material (if any)

Any Supportive/Supplementary material intended for publication must be numbered and referred to in the manuscript but not a part of the submitted paper. The author should provide In-text citations and a section with the heading of “Supportive/Supplementary Material”.

Acknowledgement

Proper acknowledgement of potential contributors not included as co-authors in the manuscripts is mandatory. This includes all the minor participations as well to prevent any grievances occurring later on.

Reference List

All relevant statements, observations, arguments etc. should be accompanied by proper citations. Different reference formats have different citation rules. See below for some basic format standards.

Journal Article

The required information for a journal article is the author’s name, complete title; abbreviated journal title, year, volume number, and initial/full page numbers of cited article. It is essential to list all authors if they are three or less in number, for more than three authors,name three authors and then use et al. (the term “et al.” should be in italics). Journal abbreviations should follow the Index Medicus/MEDLINE. The author must capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title. The rest of the title should be in lower-case, except for proper names.

[1] Smith SD, Jones, AD. Organ donation. N Engl J Med 2001; 657: 230-5.

[2] Brown JG. Asphyxiation. Med J Aust 2003; 432:120-4.

Typical Chapter Reference

[3] Blaxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press 1976; p. 165-78.

Book Reference

[4] Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2004.

Edited Book

[5] Brown AM, Stubbs DW, Eds. Medical physiology. New York: Wiley 1983.

Conference Paper and Proceedings

[6] Anderson JC. Current status of chorion villus biopsy. In: Tudenhope D, Chenoweth J, editors. Proceedings of the 4th Congress of the Australian Perinatal Society; 1986: Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Perinatal Society; 1987: p. 190-6.

[7] Harris AH, Editor. Economics and health: 1997: Proceedings of the 19th Australian Conference of Health Economists; 1997: Sep 13-14; Sydney, Australia. Kensington, N.S.W.: School of Health Services Management, University of New South Wales; 1998.

Journal Article on the Internet

[8] Aylin P, Bottle A, Jarman B, Elliott, P. Paediatric cardiac surgical mortality in England after Bristol: descriptive analysis of hospital episode statistics 1991-2002. BMJ [serial on the Internet]. 2004 Oct 9;[cited 2004 October 15]; 329:[about 10 screens]. Available from: https://www.bmj.com/content/329/7470/825.full

Book/Monograph on the Internet

[9] Dungworth D, Editor. Iron Age and Roman Copper Alloys from Northern Britain [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: Digital Monograph Series; [cited 1997]: Available from https://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue2/dungworth_index.html.

Web site/Homepage

[10] Aylin P, Bottle A, Jarman B, Elliott, P. Paediatric cardiac surgical mortality in England after Bristol: descriptive analysis of hospital episode statistics 1991-2002. BMJ [serial on the Internet]. 2004 Oct 9; [cited: 15 October 2004]; 329: [about 10 screens]. Available from: sis.nlm.nih.gov/Tox/ToxMain.html.

Journal with Part/Supplement

If a journal carries continuous pagination throughout the volume, then the issue number can be omitted.

Issue with Supplement

[11] Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology 2002; 58(12 Suppl 7): S6-12.

Volume with Part

[12] Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal 2002; 83(Pt 2): 491-5.

Issue with Part

[13] Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumours. J Vasc Interv Radiol 2002; 13(9 Pt 1): 923-8.

Patent

[14] Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug.

E-citations

[15] Citations for articles/material published exclusively online or in open access (free-to-view) must contain the exact Web addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s), except those posted on an author’s Web site unless editorially essential, e.g. ‘Reference: Available from: URL’.

Reports

Report submitted for publication should composed of approximately 1500 words or of acquiring equivalent space, any figures and tables included. Only concise yet definitive final reports are considered for publication rather than the preliminary findings of research that may get altered with further research. Most importantly, the reports should be obvious and easily comprehensible.

Special/ Thematic issues

All journals under the umbrella of Green Publishers have the competency and capacity of publishing Special issues on certain topics, too. These issues generally encompass selected lectures delivered at international conferences; or a collection of papers on a specific, currently emerging and widely discussed, topic of the field; and may be composed of review articles, research papers, and short notes. Guest Editors responsible for the organization of Special Issues either may send their own requests for such an issue or they may be invited by the Editors of the Journal, but scholars may also suggest the names of such Guest-Editors willing to organize a special issue on a recently budding theme in their research field.

Proofs

Proofs are the final PDF versions of manuscripts to be published. Proofs will be sent to the author (first named author, if no corresponding author is identified, of multi –authored papers) before their online publication for a final check by him/her. Authors are requested to return these proofs within 72 hours of receipt. Corrections at this stage should be restricted to mentioning of typesetting errors (if any) by the authors.

All the queries regarding final version of the manuscript should be answered in full by the corresponding authors. The corresponding author will be entirely responsible for assuring that the revised final version of the manuscript, including all the proposed amendments, bears the endorsement by all the co-authors. Please check the proofs carefully and thoroughly before returning them since inclusion of late corrections to the manuscript may not be guaranteed.

Figures /Illustrations (if any)

Good-quality clear figure(s) in PDF, PPT, MS Word, TIFF, or JPEG versions are acceptable for publication.

Chemical Structures

Chemical structures are to be prepared in ChemDraw/CDX for publication and provided as a separate file.

Tables

Data tables should be submitted in Microsoft Word or Excel format.

  • Table number in bold font, i.e., Table 1, should be mentioned before a title. The title should be in small case with the first letter in caps.
  • Each table should include a title/caption explaining the details discussed in the table. Detailed legends may then follow.
  • Columns and rows of data should be visibly distinct by selecting the borders of each cell as black lines.
  • Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals sequentially according to their orderly citation in the body of the text.
  • If a reference is cited in both the table and the text, please insert a lettered footnote in table title to refer to the numbered reference in the text.
  • It is advisable to present data in Tables avoiding unnecessary repetition and any confusion in the text and to reduce the length of the text as well.
  • Citation of each table in the text must be ensured.
  • The author should explain any symbols and non-standard abbreviations used in the tables at the end of the text.

GUIDELINES FOR EDITORS

The editors’ responsibility include

  • checking the fitness of the articles according to the scope of the respective journal;
  • selecting the reviewers for peer review;
  • conducting the peer review themselves(where required); and
  • checking the finally revised manuscript by the authors to ensure properly made revisions

Editors are supposed to ensure that all the articles are according to the publication and editorial policies of Green Publishers. Editors have the right to reject the manuscript if plagiarism is detected, ethical codes are violated or the article does not fall under the scope of   the journal or for any other justifiable reason.

To manage the peer-review process at its best, editors are expected to select the referees whose qualifications and area of expertise appropriately match the topic of the   concerned article. Preferably two referees should be selected for this process within a week. Our database of potential reviewers may help the editors to make this selection. Also suggestions for relevant referees from the author are welcomed though; the editors are not obliged to use these recommendations.

The editors reserve the final decision authority, after obtaining the peer review reports, about accepting, rejecting or sending the article back to author for revision. However, they must be careful to make their decisions diligently based on suggestions and comments of the reviewers. If the referees’ reports contradict one another or a report is unnecessarily delayed a further expert opinion may be sought by the editor. All Editorial decisions should be based on peer reviewer comments meeting the journals’ criteria rather than the short, superficial peer reviewer reports which do not provide a rationale for the recommendations. Editors’ final decisions should be well-justified and clearly explained for better understanding of the author, especially so if a manuscript is being rejected. They are also considered to reply   the concerned queries from the   authors if required for revisions.

Manuscripts received after revisions by the authors are returned to the initial editors/ referees. It’s notable that the revised versions shouldn’t be acceptable by the editors unless they meet the journals’ standards of quality. Referees may request more than one revision of a manuscript. Usually the authors are given one chance for revision but in some cases the Editor-in-Chief or the editors can make an exceptional decision of allowing   a third round of review   based on the novelty of   the manuscript,   or for being exceptionally interesting for the readers.

GUIDELINES FOR REVIEWERS

All reviewers are advised to make sure that the article they have been requested to evaluate lies within their area of expertise prior to begin the reviewing. Also, that there exists no conflict of interest and they are able to complete the peer review within the given time frame. They should refrain from reviewing the articles where any form of conflict of interest exists; and a notification should be conveyed to the editors if they require more than the framed time.

Reviewers’ evaluation reports should be based on the scholastic standards only without any bias. Detailed comments should be included in the reports for better understanding of the author both in cases of rejecting the article or sending it back for revision. Systematic comments also assist the editor to make his/her final decision.

According to the Green Publishers policies all articles are treated as confidential so the reviewers must never share the details of the articles with third parties. If an external referee’s expertise deem necessary, advance permission must be sought from the respective editor.

As per our policy, a double-blinded reviewing method is adopted for all journals where the referee and authors remain anonymous to each other throughout the process.

Below brief guidelines will enlighten the referees about their roles in evaluation:

  • Analyze each article on the basis of validity and quality of the literature. The article should meet the journal’s policies and standards.
  • The title should be in accordance to the content of the article.
  • Evaluate the originality and scientific accuracy of the paper.
  • Make sure that the abstract, introduction, methodology, results and conclusions have been appropriately described by the author. All these headings should contain relevant, accurate and clearly stated information.
  • Ensure that enough information is present for the study to be replicated.
  • The data analyses should fully support the authors’ claims. If they do not, the reviewers should mention the missing evidences and necessary information in their report.
  • Collected data, statistics, figures, graphs, pictures and tables require special attention to make sure that all of these are in good association, easily interpretable, authentic and reliable.
  • Citations and referencing should be checked for accuracy.
  • Any ethical issue including plagiarism should be notified to the editors..